Copyright Laws

Please beware that Canadian and International Copyright Laws do apply to any and all the material published on this site. This is true of the text of the web pages itself and of any document it gives access to. For confirmation on this, please consult the Canadian Intellectual Property Office, and select Copyright. You may also visit the following two web sites about Copyright Laws in Canada and the Berne Convention.

Copyright Laws - Romans 13:1
Let every person be subject to the governing authorities.
For there is no authority except from God,
and those that exist have been instituted by God. (Romans 13:1, ESV)

For example of what you will find on these web sites, the article, 10 Myths About Canadian Copyright Law, published on, inform us that:

MYTH [FOUR] – Creators in Canada must register their works in the Canadian Copyright Office. [IN FACT] Copyright is automatic upon the creation of a work in a fixed form. One may register their works with the Canadian Copyright Office and will then receive some benefits should they ever enforce their rights in a legal suit. However, registration is not mandatory for copyright protection.

MYTH [NINE] – Using the copyright symbol, ©, is necessary to have copyright protection in Canada. [IN FACT] The copyright symbol is not mentioned in the Canadian Copyright Act and is not mandatory for copyright protection in Canada. It is a good idea to use the symbol to inform the world that the work is protected by copyright.

MYTH [TEN] – To be protected outside of Canada, a copyright author/owner must register his works in each country where protection is sought. [IN FACT] Once an author is protected by copyright in Canada, the author is protected in the 167 countries that are members of the Berne Convention.

Likewise, among the 8 Facts About Canadian Copyright Law also published on the web site we learn that:

ONE – It is not mandatory to use a copyright symbol in order to have copyright protection in Canada; protection is automatic upon a work being “fixed,” for example, a poem written on paper or a document saved on a hard drive.

SEVEN – If you have copyright protection in Canada, then you have automatic protection in the “other” 166 countries that belong to the Berne Copyright Convention. Canadian works will be protected in those countries according to the copyright laws of those countries.

In practice, what all of the above means, with regard to using any of the contents of this web site, is that you must follow the generally accepted best practices of conventional publication as documented on the web sites of colleges and universities. These best practices are integrated in the essays published on this web site, as mentioned and illustrated on How to Quote Your Sources?

You wish to get involved discussing life-related subject matters, feel free to join our trilingual Community of dialog about the Christian Faith (French, English, Spanish), or, drop us a line, using the comment box under some of our blog posts.

Daniel Garneau, B Th, B Com, MA.
May 11, 2016; January 5, 2018.